نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران
2 گروه مهندسی عمران، واحد تهران شرق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Corrosion is one of the crucial damages that may occur to reinforced concrete structures. It also may affect the expected performance of the structure during the possible earthquakes. Onshore reinforced structures, bridges exposed to deicing salts in winter and also the pillars of marine structures under tidal waves, all of which are examples of corrosion damages. Corrosion mostly occurs due to two main reasons: chloride and carbonation which cause pitting corrosion and uniform corrosion, respectively. Corrosion starts with reaching of those two ions to the bar surface, passing by the physical and chemical passive covers. Corrosion also affects the mechanical properties of the steel and the concrete and reduces the seismic performance of the structure. One of the most important parameters in studying the corrosion and its effects on the seismic performance and life cycle of the structure is the corrosion initiation time. According to Fick’s law, the initiation time is a function of surface and critical chloride, chloride diffusion coefficient and concrete cover on armatures. In the present study, the chloride-based corrosion is considered. Besides, corrosion initiation time is determined by deterministic and probabilistic Monte-Carlo methods considering the uncertainties in the effective parameters. In the end, by comparing these two methods, the effect of uncertainties in the possibility of corrosion initiation time is presented. Furthermore, parameters like the distance from the sea and the water to cement ratio are discussed in a parametric study.