ارزیابی و اوﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪی رﻳﺴﻚ پروژه‌های ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎی ﺗﻠﻔﻳﻖ ﺗﻜﻨﻳﻚهای ﺗﺼﻤﻳﻢﮔﻳری ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﻳارزیابی و اوﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪی رﻳﺴﻚ پروژه‌های ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه عمران، واحد بین المللی کیش، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، جزیره کیش، ایران

2 گروه عمران، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران

3 گروه عمران، واحد صفادشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، صفادشت، ایران

چکیده

اﺟﺮای ﭘﺮوژهﻫﺎی زﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻲ از ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ و ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻲ در رﺷﺪ و ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪی اﻗﺘﺼﺎدی ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎر ﻣﻲرود. در سال­های اﺧﻴﺮ بدﻟﻴﻞ رﺷﺪ روزاﻓﺰون ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ و ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ اﻗﺘﺼﺎدی ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎی ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ در ﺣﺎل ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ، ﻧﻴﺎز ﺷﺪﻳﺪی ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ زﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ در ﺑﺴﻴﺎری از ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎ اﺣﺴﺎس ﻣﻲﺷﻮد. ﻳﻜﻲ از ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﻨﺒﻪﻫﺎی ﺳﺎﺧﺖ و ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺮوژهﻫﺎی ﻋﻤﺮاﻧﻲ، ﺗأﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﭘﺮوژهﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ را در ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ و رﺳﻴﺪن ﺑﻪ اﻫﺪاف از ﭘﻴﺶ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪه اﻳﻔﺎ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ. به همین ﻣﻨﻈﻮر در ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ، ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﻮردی در ﭘﺮوژهﻫﺎی آزادراﻫﻲ ﻛﺸﻮر اﻳﺮان و اﻧﺠﺎم ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪﻫﺎی ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎر ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻦ و ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺎن در زﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻗﺮاردادﻫﺎی ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ- ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ در ﻛﺸﻮر قرار گرفته است. بدین منظور در گام نخست به شناسایی و غربال ریسک‌ها از دیدگاه کارشناسان ﻗﺮاردادﻫﺎی ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ- ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ و معرفی معیارهای ارزیابی ریسک پرداخته، سپس با استفاده از روش تحلیل نسبت ارزیابی وزن­دهی تدریجی، وزن معیارها در پروژه آزادراه تهران شمال بدست آورده شد. در نهایت رتبه‌بندی نهایی ریسک‌های ﻗﺮاردادﻫﺎی ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ- ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ، با در نظر گرفتن نتایج گام‌های اولیه و با استفاده از روش ارزیابی تناسب جامع صورت گرفته است. از این رو جهت ارزیابی و رتبه­بندی ریسک­های پروژه مشارکت عمومی- خصوصی، ریسک­های شناسایی شده در کام اول غربالگری و در گام نهایی رتبه­بندی شدند. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که ریسک‌های کیفیت پایین مواد و تجهیزات، مقاومت از طرف ذی‌نفعان برای تصویب و نداشتن اهداف واقع‌بینانه از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار هستند. چارچوب پیشنهادی می‌تواند به ذی‌نفعان ﻗﺮاردادﻫﺎی ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ- ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ کشورهای در حال ‌توسعه کمک کند تا ریسک‌های قراردادهای مشارکت عمومی را بهتر مدیریت کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Risk Assessment and Prioritization in Projects with Private Public Participation Method Based on Combination of Fuzzy Multi-criteria Decision-Making Techniques (Case Study: North Freeway)

نویسندگان [English]

  • ebrahim jokar 1
  • babak aminnejad 2
  • alireza lork 3
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Rodehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rodehen , Iran
3 Department of Civil Engineering, Safadasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Safadasht , Iran
چکیده [English]

Implementation of various infrastructure projects is one of the most important factors in the economic development of the countries. In recent years, due to the growing population and economic development of developing countries, there is a strong need for infrastructure development in many countries. One of the most important aspects of developing and developing construction projects is the financing of projects that play the most important role in project development and achievement of predetermined goals. For this purpose, in the present study, a case study of freeway projects in Iran has been conducted and semi-structured interviews with experts and experts on public-private partnership contracts in the country. For this purpose, in the first step, identifying and screening risks from the viewpoint of experts in public-private partnership contracts and introducing risk assessment criteria, then the grading weights grading analysis method was used to obtain the weight of the criteria. Finally, the final ranking of the risks of public-private partnership contracts has been taken into account, taking into account the results of the initial steps, using a comprehensive fit assessment approach. The results show that low-quality material and equipment risks, stakeholder resistance to approval, and lack of realistic goals are of great importance. The proposed framework can help stakeholders in public-private partnership agreements in developing countries to better manage the risks of public-private partnership contracts.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Risk Prioritization
  • Freeway project
  • Public-Private Participation Method
  • SWARA
  • COPRAS
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