عنوان مقاله [English]
In this study, at first, the maximum wind speed has been investigated in exchange for different return periods in Ramsar, Nowshahr, Qaemshahr, and Babolsar city. For this reason, data associated with the wind maximum annual speed in these cities have been collected from 1373 to 1397. To calculate the maximum wind speed, a first-order Extreme Type I distribution has been used. It has also been attempted to examine the probability of wind speed distribution of case study cities according to different functions. For this purpose, different functions such as Normal function, Weibull function, Lognormal function, Gamble Max function, Gamma function, and Bur function have been used. Also, in this study, for the design of various functions, the EasyFit software has been used. Results show that the maximum wind speed, as well as wind-based pressure for Ramsar, Nowshahr, and Qaemshahr cities, were found to be numerically larger than the Iranian National Building Code (Part 6th). However, for Babolsar, these values are less than the values of the Iranian National Building Code. Unfortunately, the results showed that the design was not safe for Ramsar, Nowshahr, and Qaemshahr cities based on this code, because the structures should be designed to be less than the maximum wind speed and lower wind pressure than the actual values. Considering the importance of analyzing and precisely designing structures against wind and speed wind, it seems that similar research should be done for other cities to obtain validate and safe values for those cities. Paying attention to this point will lead to more accurate designs in different cities of the country. In addition, results show that for used data, the Weibull function is the best function that can be applied.