بررسی تحلیلی نشانگرهای ریسک تأثیرگذار بر فاز طراحی قراردادهای طرح و ساخت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشگاه تهران، دانشکده معماری

3 مدیریت پروژه و ساخت، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، موسسه آموزش عالی مهرالبرز، تهران، ایران

چکیده

امروزه با پیشرفت دانش مدیریت پروژه و توسعه روش‌های مدیریتی، درصد شکست پروژه‌ها، کاهش قابل توجهی داشته است. با این وجود همچنان بسیاری از اهداف پروژه‌ها محقق نمی‌شود. یکی از مهم‌ترین فرآیندهایی که به شدت تحقق اهداف یک پروژه را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد، مدیریت ریسک پروژه است. یکی از راه‌های مؤثر در مدیریت ریسک پروژه، شناخت و مدیریت پدیده‌ای به نام نشانگر ریسک می‌باشد که با وجود گذشت سالیان زیادی از ارائه این مفهوم ولی همچنان بسیار محدود به آن پرداخته شده است. هدف اصلی این پژوهش، تلاش در ایجاد درک عمیق‌تر از این پدیده می‌باشد. شناخت و مدیریت این پدیده کمک شایانی به فرآیند مدیریت ریسک داشته و موجب می‌شود با داشتن زمان مناسب برای اتخاذ استراتژی، بهترین تصمیم گرفته شده و تأثیر منفی وقوع ریسک را کاهش داد. نوع قرارداد همواره نقش مؤثری در ایجاد ریسک دارد. لذا در این پژوهش جهت توسعه و تحلیل مفهوم پدیده‌ی نشانگر ریسک، روش طرح و ساخت با توجه به مزایا و اقبال روز افزون، انتخاب شده است و برای تبیین جایگاه و اهمیت نشانگر ریسک رابطه آن با تعدادی از ریسک‌های مهم به صورت کیفی تحلیل شده است. بدین منظور از طریق مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای، جدولی از ریسک‌های متداول این قراردادها و نشانگرهای ریسک از منابع موجود، شناسایی و گردآوری شده است. از طریق مصاحبه با خبرگان روابط ریسک، منشأ و نشانگر در چند ریسک با اهمیت بالاتر بررسی، اعتبارسنجی و جدولی کاربردی از نشانگرها ریسک ارائه شده است که کمک شایانی به ذی‌نفعان جهت داشتن آمادگی بیشتر پاسخگویی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analytical Review of Risk Triggers in the Design Phase of D&B Contracts

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahad Nazari 1
  • Majid Parchami Jalal 2
  • Omid Ahmad soltani 3
1 Associate Professor, University of Shahid Beheshti/School of Architecture,tehran,iran
2 University of Tehran/ School of Architecture
3 Project management and constructions, civil engineering, mehralborz higher education institute,Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, improvement of the project management knowledge and developing the management methods, decrease the probability of the failure of the project. One of the most important processes that affect project goals is project risk management. Identifying and managing the risk triggers is an effective method in project risk management. Many years have passed since this concept was introduced but its application is so limited yet. This research endeavors to develop and make a better understanding of this concept as the main goal. Recognition and managing of this phenomenon help the project risk management process. It makes the best decision for having the right time to adopt a strategy and ultimately it reduced the negative impact of risk-taking on the project. Moreover, the type of contract always plays an important role in the raising of the risk. Therefore, in this study, it is selected to develop a concept of risk trigger phenomenon, in D&B contract which has many benefits and client's tendency. To explain the status and importance of risk triggers, its relationship with several important risks has been qualitatively analyzed. For this purpose, through library studies and existing sources, common risks of these types of contracts and their indicators have been identified and compiled. Moreover, by interviews with experts on risk and risk triggers, some important risks are identified and validated. Finally, a functional table of risk triggers is presented that is a great help to stakeholders in being prepared to respond to the risk triggers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Risk Management
  • early warning sign
  • early warning indicators
  • risk triggers
  • D&B projects
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