عنوان مقاله [English]
Due to heavy rainfall, underground water level and pore water pressure increase each year, which can cause failure of the earthen slopes. Retaining wall is one of the main structures that is used to increase the earthen slopes stability. In the present study, the stability of earthen slopes relative to the critical hydrological cases was simulated by Slope/w software and the pore pressure behind the retaining walls over 10 meter height which causes to instability was simulated using Seep/w software. The studied parameters are: precipitation intensity, soil type, position and the diameter of drainage. Also the kind of drainage has been considered as a variable parameter and horizontal and chimney drainages were used. Results showed that for fine grained soils with intensive rains condition, using of one horizontal drainage could not provide the stability of retaining wall. While in the same conditions, for coarse grained soils, the retaining wall will be stable by using of one horizontal drainage and drainage will be able to discharge all of the excess water behind the retaining wall. Also the chimney drainage system provided the best results and the stability of the retaining wall did not face any danger under the worst circumstances. For overturning moment and water pore pressure behind the wall, linear and non-linear regression relations were produced in dimensionless form. The accuracy of the regression relations were proper and the acceptable results could be expected.