Investigating the characteristics of surface oscillations of flow through obstacles using Roshko and Ursell dimensionless numbers

Document Type : Research Article


1 Master's graduates of Civil_River Engineering, Shahid Chamran university of Ahvaz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, Arak, Iran


Vortex is shed by flow collision with obstacles in its path. If the frequency of vortex shedding equals the frequency of natural oscillations of flow, resonance will be created and transverse oscillation perpendicular to flow with greatest wave amplitude will occur. In this study, in order to investigate the characteristics of the transverse wave caused by the vortex shedding of the obstacles, 135 cylinder barriers with a diameter of 20 mm in 5 different configurations were arranged in the laboratory flume. In total, 900 tests were carried out which variables were flow discharge, average flow depth, channel slope, longitudinal and transverse distance between obstacles. In each test, after the formation of transverse oscillations, their characteristics including amplitude and frequency of wave were recorded. Then, the effective variables on transverse wave characteristics and their effects on the involved dimensionless numbers were investigated. The results indicated whatever the flow discharge is increased, the maximum wave amplitude due to resonance occurs in larger average flow depth, which has more amount. Also by changing the longitudinal distance of obstacles, Roshko’s changes relative to increasing of Ursell were ascending at the beginning and they were reversed after reaching a certain range of Ursell number; moreover, by increasing the flow discharge, the rate of Ursell changes relative to Roshko decreased. Finally, by using dimensional analysis and statistical software, the equations between Roshko with Ursell and Froude numbers were proposed for each of the modes I and II and the validation of equations were approved (R2= 0.92).


Main Subjects

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