شرکت یا عدم شرکت در مناقصه، تحلیل هزینه فرصت سرمایه‌گذاری مشارکت عمومی خصوصی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران غرب

2 دانشکده عمران، دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران جنوب

چکیده

کاهش بودجه عمرانی برای تکمیل طرح‌های نیمه تمام موجب شده است تعداد زیادی از دستگاه‌های دولتی و بخش عمومی علاقه‌مند برای جذب سرمایه‌گذاران خصوصی بوده و فراخوان‌های متعددی برای جذب سرمایه‌گذار به روش مشارکت عمومی خصوصی در کشور برگزار شود. ولی تمامی پروژه‌های تعریف شده برای این روش موفق نبوده و سرمایه‌گذاران خصوصی برای شرکت در مناقصات این نگرانی را دارند که هزینه و زمان صرف شده برای تامین ضمانت نامه‌ها، مذاکرات تامین کنندگان مالی، تهیه طرح‌های توجیهی و .... را متضرر شوند. به همین دلیل سرمایه‌گذاران نیازمند یک مدل برای تصمیم‌گیری برای شرکت یا عدم شرکت در مناقصه هستند. در این مقاله، یک مدل تصمیم‌گیری چند معیاره ارائه شده است که با ارزیابی معیارهای موفقیت در یک مناقصه می‌تواند به سرمایه‌گذاران هزینه فرصت هر مناقصه را ارزیابی نماید. نتایج پیاده‌سازی این مدل در 11 پروژه حوزه صنعت آب و نیروگاهی کشور، نشان می‌دهد تصمیم سرمایه‌گذاران برای شرکت یا عدم شرکت در مناقصه علاوه بر جذابیت مالی طرح، به نحوه سازماندهی و سوابق پایبندی تعهدات توسط دستگاه اجرائی وابسته است. همچنان که سرمایه‌پذیران دولتی و عمومی می‌توانند با ارائه مشوق‌های مالی و مکانیسم‌های کاهش ریسک شانس موفقیت طرح را افزایش دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Successful Tendering in Public Private Partnership, Cost Opportunity Analysis

نویسندگان [English]

  • garshasb khazaeni 1
  • Ali khazaeni 2
1 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University West Tehran branch
2 Islamic Azad University, South Tehran
چکیده [English]

Due to inadequate public financial status and increasing demand for infrastructure facilities, many governments worldwide are exploring new arrangements through Public Private Partnerships (PPP). However, PPP approach is not applicable for all projects and investors may pay a lot of time and money for preparation for a tender that may not have adequate return back. Therefore, private investors seek a model to support them in deciding whether the bid or no-bid in a PPP tender. This paper presents a decision support system based on MADM decision-making models to evaluate the Cost Opportunity of tenders. Utilizing the proposed model, private investors can rank the PPP tenders and select the most tender with the least cost opportunity. Applying the proposed model to eleven Iranian PPP project in the field of water and power plant, prove that private investor decides to bid in a tender not only for fiscal attracters of the project, but also they consider how public authority is organized and committed to responsibilities. The public party can improve the success chance of PPP tenders by offering some incentives and advocating de-risking mechanisms.‎

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Infrastructure
  • PPP projects
  • BOT contracts
  • Success Evaluation
  • MCDM model
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