روشی ترکیبی فازی زبانی برای انتخاب مدیر پروژه صنعت ساخت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی شیروان

چکیده

انتخاب مدیر پروژه یکی از مهم‌ترین فرآیندها در مدیریت منابع انسانی صنعت ساخت می‌باشد. تصمیم‌گیری در خصوص موضوع استخدام مدیر پروژه، مسئله‌ای پیچیده و چند متغیره خواهد بود. هدف از این پژوهش ارائه مدلی ترکیبی است که با استفاده از تکنیک‌های تصمیم‌گیری و ضمن برخورداری از توان بالاتر، مسئله رتبه‌بندی و انتخاب مدیر پروژه ساخت را به طور بهینه حل نماید. مدل پیشنهادی مبتنی بر تصمیم‌گیری چند معیاره فازی زبانی برای حل مسئله استخدام مدیر پروژه بر اساس معیارهایی می‌باشد که از فرآیند دلفی در مطالعات قبلی استخراج شده‌اند. در این پژوهش دو روش تصمیم‌گیری گروهی در رتبه‌بندی و انتخاب مدیر پروژه ارائه می‌شود. روش دلفی استخراج معیارها را انجام می‌دهد، در حالی که روش تاپسیس فازی کاندیدای بهینه را انتخاب می‌کند. نتایج تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که بهره‌گیری از روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری چند شاخصه در مسئله استخدام مدیر پروژه سبب افزایش کارایی فرآیند شده و چون معیارهای گوناگون را لحاظ می‌نماید، در بلند مدت نیروی کارآمد و متناسب با نیاز سازمان پروژه محور را نیز کاندید فرآیند جذب و استخدام می‌نماید. از ویژگی‌های رویکرد پیشنهادی مدل‌سازی قضاوت‌های ذهنی تصمیم گیرندگان با استفاده از عبارات زبانی، در گزینش مدیر پروژه می‌باشد. همچنین این رویکرد می‌تواند تصمیم‌گیران سازمآن‌های پروژه محور را در شناسایی و تعیین معیارهای اساسی پیش از گزینش مدیر پروژه یاری رساند و اتخاذ تصمیم جهت گزینش بهترین مدیر پروژه بخش بر اساس معیارها و گزینه‌های چندگانه را تسهیل و میسر نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Hybrid fuzzy linguistic method for Construction project manager selection

نویسنده [English]

  • Ali Reza Afshari
Department of Industrial Engineering, Shirvan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shirvan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Selecting a construction project manager is one of the most important processes in human resource management in the construction industry. Deciding on the issue of hiring a project manager will be a complex and multivariate issue. The purpose of this study is to provide a hybrid model that optimally solves the issue of ranking and selection of a construction project manager by using decision-making techniques. The proposed model is based on fuzzy linguistic decision criteria to solve the construction manager selection based on criteria derived from the Delphi method based on previous studies. In this research, two methods of group decision making in ranking and selecting the construction project manager are presented. The Delphi method extracts the criteria, while the fuzzy TOPSIS method selects the optimal candidate. The results show that the use of multi-criteria decision-making methods in the Construction manager selection increases the efficiency of the process and because it considers various criteria, in the end, efficient managers in accordance with the needs of the project-based organization is a candidate in the recruitment process. One of the features of the proposed approach is to minimize the involvement of subjective judgments in the selection of the construction project manager. This approach can also help decision-makers of project-based organizations in identifying and determining the basic criteria before selecting a construction project manager and facilitate the decision to select the best construction project manager based on multiple criteria and options.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Project manager selection
  • Delphi method
  • fuzzy TOPSIS method
  • Construction project management
  • Project management
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