عنوان مقاله [English]
In the piled raft foundation, in contrast to the pile group, both raft and piles transfer the imposed load to the foundation soil. The concentration of shear stresses and bending moments at the connection point of the pile and raft in the piled raft may cause a structural collapse in the pile while the geotechnical bearing capacity of the pile has not fully mobilized. This problem may be solved by disconnecting the piles from raft and inserting a soil layer between the piles and the raft. This layer in non-connected piled rafts is called cushion. In a non-connected piled raft, the cushion plays an important role to mobilize the bearing capacity of the foundation soil, adjusting the load transfer mechanism, and changing the system stiffness. The behavior of a connected and non-connected piled raft is too complicated to easily estimate the load sharing ratio and stiffness for the preliminary design. In the present research, based on the test results of the pile group and the unpiled raft, an analytical approach is introduced to calculate the load sharing ratio and the stiffness of the connected and non-connected piled rafts. To verify the proposed analytical model accuracy, 21 small scale tests on the unpiled raft, pile group, connected and non-connected piled rafts were conducted. According to the results increasing the number and length of piles, increases the bearing capacity. In a non-connected piled raft, increasing the cushion thickness decreases the load sharing ratio of piles, stiffness, and bearing capacity of the system.