Experimental and Numerical Investigation on Discharge Coefficient Relationships sharp-crested U Shape Plan Form Weirs

Document Type : Research Article


1 Management / Technical School of Ahar Boys

2 Professor, Dept. of Water Eng., Center of Excellence in Hydroinformatics, Faculty of Civil Eng., Univ. of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

3 Professor, Dept. of Civil-Water Eng., Faculty of Civil Eng., Univ. of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran


      In this research, the relationships of the discharge coefficient of the sharp-crested U shape plan form labyrinth weirs (one cycle) have been investigated experimentally and numerically. Also, from 3 groups of weirs with heights of 10, 12.5, and 15 cm and at each height, the length of different arches to the values of 40.82, 45 and 48.10 cm have been tested. The main purpose of the present study is to determine the overflow discharge from the weir by providing relationships for the discharge coefficient experimentally.  Dimensional analysis was used by 𝜋 Buckingham method to extract the relationship. Three-dimensional simulation of weirs was performed numerically with equations governing the finite volume method using FLOW-3D software, then compared with laboratory results.   The results of the present study show that the proposed relationship can predict discharge values with very high accuracy and an error of 4.79% in the ratio of the head-to-height weir of 0.1 to 1.2. As the length of the weirs arch increases, the flow interference increases, and the discharge efficiency decreases. Although with increasing the length of the weirs, the length of the crest increases, the weirs efficiency decreases, the maximum throughput efficiency decreases in this case, it is at 7.01%. With constant arc length and increase in weirs height, it was observed that the throughput efficiency decreases significantly, which shows a maximum volume of flow through the weirs of 4.82%.


Main Subjects

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