Effect of Opening and Stiffener on Geometric Nonlinear Dynamical Behavior of Single-Curved FGM Shells under the Blast Loads

Document Type : Research Article


1 Civil Structural Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad.

2 Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad,Mashhad, Iran

3 Master of Civil Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran


Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs) are kinds of composite materials that due to the continuity of mixture of constituent materials, have more effective mechanical properties which leads to eliminate the interlayer stress concentration. The most common usage of such materials is in thin-wall structures, such as plates and shells. One of the most effective factors in behavior of such structures especially in single-curved shells, thermal loads or Impact loads is caused by explosion. Also, due to some executive needs, make opening in shells and their behavioral changes are important and suggesting solution will be necessary. Therefore, in order to prevent large displacement and resistance improvement, using shells made of FGM and suitable stiffeners, will be suggested. In this study, ABAQUS finite element software has been used to survey the Effect of opening and stiffener on geometric nonlinear dynamical behavior of single-curved FGM shells under the blast loads. In order to do this, the effect of volume fraction index, the effect of different openings and stiffeners has been studied. Results show that by increasing the volume fraction index, the maximum amount of displacement of the shell decreased. Making opening in the center of the shells, has better function in contrast with making opening distribution in the level of shells. By increasing moment of inertia of longitudinal and circular stiffeners, the maximum displacement has been decreased. Also, by utilizing opening distribution and longitudinal stiffeners, the maximum amount of displacement can be reduced.


Main Subjects

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