Experimental Investigation on the Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams Retrofitted with NSM-SMA/FRP

Document Type : Research Article


1 M.Sc, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

3 Ph.D. Student, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran


Re-centering is an exclusive characteristic of superelastic Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) which can be used in manufacturing and retrofitting of reinforced concrete elements. Reinforced concrete beams retrofitted with SMA bars have more ductility and higher energy dissipation compared to conventional RC beams. Furthermore, these beams experience less damage in consecutive loading-unloading cycles. The current research aims to investigate the behavior of reinforced concrete beams retrofitted with SMA bars using Near-Surface Mounted (NSM) flexural retrofitting method. Eleven RC beam specimens with the cross section of 200*150 mm and length of 1150 mm were cast. Three of the specimens had no external strengthening, four of them were retrofitted with SMA bars and other four beams were retrofitted with GFRP reinforcements. The specimens were subjected to three-point bending test under either monastic or loading-unloading. Different parameters including load-carrying capacity, energy dissipation, deformation recovery and reduction capability of crack width were investigated. The results showed that RC beams retrofitted with SMA bars had more mid-span deflection and higher energy dissipation compared to other specimens under monotonic loading. Moreover, under loading-unloading, RC beams retrofitted with SMA bars method experienced less damage.


Main Subjects

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