Designing Variable Stiffness Semi-Active Tuned Mass Damper for Nonlinear Structures

Document Type : Research Article


Engineering Department , University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran


In this paper, designing variable stiffness semi-active tuned mass damper (SATMD) for
mitigating the responses of nonlinear structures under earthquake excitation has been studied. Two semiactive control algorithms based on instantaneous optimal control and clipping control concept as well as
modified balance control have been developed to determine the optimal stiffness of SATMD for nonlinear
structures in each time step. For determining optimal parameters of semi-active control system including
the weighting matrices in performance index of control algorithm as well as the maximum and minimum
values of SATMD stiffness, an optimization problem for minimization of structure maximum response has
been defined where genetic algorithm (GA) has been used for optimization. For numerical simulations, an
eight-story nonlinear shear building with bilinear hysteresis behavior has been subjected to a white noise
excitation and optimal SATMDs have been designed. The results showed that optimal variable stiffness
SATMD using both control algorithms has been effective in suppressing the seismic responses of nonlinear
structure. Also, variable stiffness SATMD shows better performance than TMD and variable damping
SATMD in structural response controlling. Comparing the performance of the variable stiffness SATMD
under testing earthquakes which were different from design record, showed that the efficiency of SATMD
depends on the characteristics of excitation, hence design record needs to be chosen properly.


Main Subjects

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