Investigation of the corrosion initiation time of reinforced concrete structures at different distances from the Sea

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Civil engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Structural Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Civil Engineering, East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Corrosion is one of the crucial damages that may occur to reinforced concrete structures. It also may affect the expected performance of the structure during possible earthquakes. Onshore reinforced structures, bridges exposed to deicing salts in winter and also the pillars of marine structures under tidal waves, all of which are examples of corrosion damages. Corrosion mostly occurs due to two main reasons: chloride and carbonation which cause pitting corrosion and uniform corrosion, respectively. Corrosion starts with the reaching of those two ions to the bar surface, passing by the physical and chemical passive covers. Corrosion also affects the mechanical properties of the steel and the concrete and reduces the seismic performance of the structure. One of the most important parameters in studying corrosion and its effects on the seismic performance and life cycle of the structure is the corrosion initiation time. According to Fick’s law, the initiation time is a function of surface and critical chloride, chloride diffusion coefficient and concrete cover on armatures. In the present study, the chloride-based corrosion is considered. Besides, corrosion initiation time is determined by deterministic and probabilistic Monte-Carlo methods considering the uncertainties in the effective parameters. In the end, by comparing these two methods, the effect of uncertainties in the possibility of corrosion initiation time is presented. Furthermore, parameters like the distance from the sea and the water-to-cement ratio are discussed in a parametric study.


Main Subjects

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