Study of the effect of various scenarios of the sediment control on banks in the vicinity of lateral intake entrance

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant professor of Hydraulic Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Qom University ‎of Technology, Qom, Iran ‎

2 Civil Department, Engineering Faculty, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran


One of the main goals in diverting water flowing in rivers is to provide the required water (for different purposes) with a minimum of sediments, which is usually met through the installation of sediment control structures with different arrangements to significantly decrease the sediment that enters the intake. In addition to sediment control, serious attention should also be paid to the impact of these structures and sediment control scenarios on the riverbank and other relevant facilities located in the vicinity of the intake entrance. Using a laboratory scale canal, equipped with recirculating sediment and included a 90◦ lateral intake and a bed moving because of dunes movement, the effects of these structures including sill, spur dike, and submerged vanes on the banks in the vicinity of intake entrance experimentally investigated at four different sediment control scenarios and different discharge ratio. In order to accurately evaluate the scour near the banks, after dynamic equilibrium was achieved at the bed due to continuous changes of its elevation in these conditions, scour time series analysis was performed at upstream and downstream points near the intake, along the banks on either side of the main canal. The results show that different behaviors are observed near the intake due to various factors influencing the flow. While in the range of discharge ratios studied, the spur dike increases the depth and length of scour zone at the intake downstream by an average of about 72% and 34%, respectively, the submerged vanes reduce the length of scour zone by 37% and at the discharge ratio of 0.12, an increase of about 66% in the depth of scour zone is observed, while at the discharge ratio of 0.18, a decrease of about 24% in the depth of scour zone occurs.


Main Subjects

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