Durability of cement-based and geopolymer coating mortars in the Persian Gulf simulated environment

Document Type : Research Article


1 Concrete Technology and Durability Research Center, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.

2 construction management- Faculty of Civil Engineering-Amirkabir University of Technology- Tehran- Iran


Due to the importance of coastal structures and the existence of destructive environmental conditions near the shores, the maintenance of these structures is more important. One of the ways to maintain such structures is to apply a protective coating layer of mortar. While cement-based mortars are known as the most common materials for repairing damaged structures, in recent years, due to the importance of environmental impacts and also in order to reduce energy consumption, geopolymer mortars have been considered an appropriate alternative. Geopolymers are inorganic aluminosilicate compounds in which, instead of cement, a matrix of aluminosilicate materials (pozzolans), activated by alkaline activators, plays the role of cement paste in the mortar. In this research, mechanical properties and durability of 6 mortar mix designs, including four cement-based mortar mixtures containing supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) and two geopolymer mortar combinations with furnace slag and silica fume that cured in the simulated Persian Gulf environment, have been compared. In this regard, to compare the mechanical properties, compressive strength, tensile strength, and drying shrinkage tests were conducted. Also, the capillary water absorption, water penetration under pressure, and rapid chloride migration tests are performed to evaluate the durability. The results of this study display that ternary cement-based mortar with higher amounts of SCMs is a better choice than binary cement-based mortars and geopolymer repair mortars for repairing damaged concrete structures in coastal areas such as the Persian Gulf coast. Among other mixtures, the geopolymer mixture with potassium hydroxide as an alkaline activator and the cement-based mixture with a replacement of 7.5% by weight of silica fume can be introduced as suitable materials for repairing marine structures.


Main Subjects

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