Experimental Study of Eccentricity and Width to Thickness Ratio Effects of Arched Steel Haunches on Cyclic Behavior

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Payame Noor University, Semnan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Iran


This paper introduces arched steel haunches (ASHs) as a novel technique in the seismic retrofitting of RC frames. In this regard, parameters such as ASH initial eccentricity and width-to-thickness ratio are evaluated as two factors affecting on their cyclic behavior. A series of cyclic loading tests were performed on four specimens with single and double rectangular cross-sections and with the same nominal area and length, but with different eccentricities of 0.1 and 0.2 nominal length. Experimental results showed that the slenderness and width-to-thickness ratios play a significant role on the cyclic performance in compression and even tension, and by reducing the buckling potential and the cross-section reaching to the fully plastic state, a more desirable hysteretic behavior is achieved. Therefore, with 50% reduction of these ratios simultaneously, the maximum compressive and tensile strength enhanced up to 59% and 27%, respectively, and the dissipated energy and the maximum viscosity damping ratio increased up to 152% and 14%, respectively. Also, the arched haunches showed different behavior in tension and compression for ultimate strength and plastic stiffness, which with decreasing the initial eccentricity became more apparent. With increasing the initial eccentricity, the cross-sectional area effect on increase of compressive strength and especially maximum tensile strength decreased. In addition, by reducing it by 50% and despite 59% reduction in cross-sectional area, the ultimate tensile plastic strength and stiffness increased up to 1.31 and 3.5 times, respectively. In addition, the obtained results will be used for further research on experimental behavior of RC beam-column joints.


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