M. Momenzadeh, M.R. Mansouri, A. Aziminejad, Assessing the damages created in the twin circle tunnels under explosive loading and their responses, Tunneling & Underground Space Engineering, 8(2) (2019) 89-108, (In Persin).
 TM5-1300, The Design of Structures to Resist the Effects of Accidental Explosions-Technical Manual, US Department of the Army-Navy and Air Force-Washington DC, (1990).
 A.M. Remennikov, A review of methods for predicting bomb blast effects on buildings, Journal of Battlefield Technology, 6(3) (2003) 155-161.
 N. Nagy, M. Mohamed, J.C. Boot, Nonlinear numerical modeling for the effect of surface explosions on buried reinforces concrete structures, Geomechanics & Engineering, 2(1) (2010) 1-18.
 Y. Yang, X. Xie, R. Wang, Numerical simulation of dynamic response of operating metro tunnel induced by ground explosion, Journal of Rock Mechanics & Geotechnical Engineering, 2(4) (2010) 373-384.
 H. Shahnazari, M. Esmaeili, H. Ranjbar, Simulating the Effects of Projectile Explosion on a Jointed Rock Mass Using DEM 2D: A Case Study of Ardebil-Mianeh Railway Tunnel, International Journal of Civil Engineering, 8(2) (2010).
 S.H. Mirzeinali, M.H. Baziar, M. Rabeti Moghaddam, H.R. Hashemi, Determination of Maximum Free Field Explosion Pressure of Conventional Projectiles in Soil for Modeling of Blast Loading Effect on the Underground and Above Ground Structures using FAC Software, 1st Conf. on Passive Defence and Resistance Structures, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, (2010), (In Persin).
 M. Mohammadnejad, A. Ramazanzadeh, M.E. Jalali, Dynamic Analysis of Underground Structure Under Explosion of Penetrating Bunker Buster, 6st International Conf. on Seismology and Engineering, (2010), (In Persin).
 J.S. Castro, L.S. Bryson, N.K. Gambern, B.T. Lusk, Numerical modeling of subsurface blasting, 14th Pan-American Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Toronto: Canadian Geotechnical Society, 9 (2011).
 B. Mobaraki, B. Vaghefi, Numerical Study of the Depth and Cross-Sectional Shape of Tunnel under Surface Explosion, Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Tech, 47 (2015) 114-122.
 M.R. Kheirandish, B. Alizadeh Sevari, The Study of Explosion Impact on Underground Tunnels, Case Study: North of Tehran. Scientific Journal of Advanced Defence Science and Technology, (2016) 201-208.
 O. Rezaee, Dynamic Study of Buried Structures in Surface Blast with a Passive Defense Approach, NAJA Engineering Studies Journal, 9(32) (2017) 64-98, (In Persin).
 J. Zhua, Y. Lia, S. Wub, R. Zhangc, L. Rend, Decoupled explosion in an underground opening and dynamic responses of surrounding rock masses and structures and induced ground motions: A FEM-DEM numerical study, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 82(2018) (2018) 442-454.
 M. Rahimi Dizadji, A. Fahimifar, M. Jabbarzadeh, Sensitivity Analysis of Un-lined Underground Spaces under Dynamic Loading using Numerical Methods, Amirkabir Journal of Civil Engineering, 2 (50) (2018) 377-390, (In Persin).
 L. Guangkuna, W. Weic, L. Ruichaoa, Z. Weimingb, Z. Qiangb, Deriving formulas of loading distribution on underground arc structure surface under close-in explosion, Engineering Failure Analysis, 115(2020) 104608.
 A. Rashiddel, M. Kharghani, D. Dias, M. Hajihassani, , Numerical study of the segmental tunnel lining behavior under a surface explosion – Impact of the longitudinal joints sha, pe, Computers and Geotechnics,, 128(2020) (2020) 103822.
 G. Wang , A. Cao, X. Wang, R. Yu, x. Huang, J. Lin, Numerical simulation of the dynamic responses and damage of underground cavern under multiple explosion sources, Engineering Failure Analysis, 1350-6307/© 2020 Elsevier Ltd, (2020).
 M.H. Taghavi Parsa, S. Peyman, Analysis of the Effect of Buried Explosive Loading on Underground Reinforced Concrete Structures, Amirkabir Journal of Civil Engineering, 1 (51) (2019) 3-18, (In Persin).
 UFC 3-340-02, Structures to Resist the Effects of Accidental Explosion, Unified Facilities Criteria, (2008).
 Itasca consulting group, Flac3d v6 manual, U.S. Minneapolis, (2019).
 T. 5-855-1, Fundamental of Protective design-Technical Manual, US Department of the Army, (1986).