Workability, mechanical properties and durability of self-compacting concrete containing red mud, and granite and marble waste powder

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

3 Mehrollah Rakhshanimehr, Department of Civil Engineering, Alzahra University.


To maintain the uniformity and cohesiveness of self-compacting concrete (SCC), sustainable use of waste powder like waste marble powder (WMP) and waste granite powder (WGP) as filler replacement, and red mud (RM) as a cement replacement has been investigated. Also, the mechanical properties and durability of SCC containing WMP, WGP, and RM were measured by compressive strength (CS), splitting tensile strength (TS), water absorption (WA), ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV), and acid sulfuric attack tests in the laboratory. When the total amount of filler material (limestone powder (LP)) was replaced by WMP or WGP, the workability, the mechanical properties, and the durability of SCC did not significantly change. Using RM up to 2.5% cement replacement improved the mechanical properties and durability of SCC. However, the higher content of RM in SCC mixes could adversely affect the mechanical properties and durability of SCC. The application of stone waste powder like WMP, WGP, and industrial by-products like RM could lead to a greener and more sustainable SCC mix without sacrificing the SCC’s mechanical properties and its durability.


Main Subjects

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