Construction of recycled glass powder-based geopolymer and its application in resistance parameters to stabilize the clay

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

2 Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty Member


Glass powder is one of the increasing solid wastes in the world, and on the other hand, clay usually needs improvement to use in construction projects. In the present study, modification of clay soil strength parameters was studied by geopolymer based on recycled glass powder (RGP). For this purpose, uniaxial strength (UCS) and California load Bearing Ratio (CBR) tests were performed on the modified specimens. Processing time, the weight percentage of used-RGP and activator concentration (M) were the studied variables in the current study. For comparison, experiments were performed on samples modified with 10% Portland cement. The addition of the geopolymer to soil samples showed that 9% of RGP was the optimal amount. Also, despite of the 0day samples in the CBR experiment, other UCS and CBR samples had the optimal amount of activator concentration (NAOH), which indicates the effect of processing conditions on the behavior of the modified soil. The assessed scanning electron imaging (SEM) images showed the effect of the corrective method on soil mass. Analytical comparison of UCS and CBR experiments indicated a mathematical relationship between the results of UCS and CBR-7day experiments associated by a good relative correlation that was predictable due to the same storage conditions of the samples in the first 7 days. Due to the different processing conditions of both tests in the first 7 days, a slight correlation was observed in the results of UCS and CBR-0day tests.


Main Subjects

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