Ranking Iranian provinces in terms of the environmental performance of industries with a developed decision-making approach

Document Type : Research Article


1 Urmia University of Technology

2 Master of Industrial Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Urmia, Iran.

3 Master, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Khajeh Nasir al-Din al-Tusi University, Tehran, Iran


Nowadays, environmental management with the aim of preserving the environment has become a crucial matter to industries. Rising global concerns about the negative effects of industrial activities have led to a variety of changes in governments' policies and strategies to improve environmental performance. Hence, studying the environmental performance of industries is an important task. This study evaluates and ranks the Iranian provinces in terms of environmental performance of industries, in various dimensions. This research defines a multidimensional set of environmentally friendly manufacturing criteria by examining the various aspects of industrial activities impacts on the environment and also with the assistance of experts’ guidance for evaluating the industries at the provincial level. Then, we use a combined approach based on decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory technique and analytic network process (DANP) method to calculate the interactions between the research criteria and sub-criteria along with their influential weights. In the end, we utilize the additive ratio assessment (ARAS) technique to obtain relative utility coefficients (closeness coefficients) and ranking the provinces. Generally, this study concludes that industries in northwestern and southwestern provinces of Iran are more environmentally friendly than other provinces. In this evaluation, Bushehr, North Khorasan and Khuzestan provinces were ranked first to third with their relative utility coefficients of 0.488, 0.412 and 0.401, respectively.


Main Subjects

[1] D. Dornfeld, C. Yuan, N. Diaz, T. Zhang, A. Vijayaraghavan, Introduction to green manufacturing, in:  Green Manufacturing, Springer, 2013, pp. 1-23.
[2] B. Linke, Y.-C. Huang, D. Dornfeld, Establishing greener products and manufacturing processes, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 13(7) (2012) 1029-1036.
[3] R. DABAGH, L.B. KOUHI, L. JAVAHERIAN, M. LATIFI, Examining technical efficiency and productivity of industries in western azerbaijan using the parametric and nonparametric methods,  (2015).
[4] M. Despeisse, M.R. Oates, P.D. Ball, Sustainable manufacturing tactics and cross-functional factory modelling, Journal of Cleaner Production, 42 (2013) 31-41.
[5] T. Laosirihongthong, D. Adebanjo, K.C. Tan, Green supply chain management practices and performance, Industrial Management & Data Systems,  (2013).
[6] R. Dabbagh, S. Aga poor asbag, A Suitable Decision-Making Approach to Select Green Manufacturing Practices for Bonab Sanat Steel Complex, Journal of Industrial Engineering Research in Production Systems, 8(16) (2020) 57-75.
[7] R.A.R. Ghazilla, N. Sakundarini, S.H. Abdul-Rashid, N.S. Ayub, E.U. Olugu, S.N. Musa, Drivers and barriers analysis for green manufacturing practices in Malaysian SMEs: a preliminary findings, Procedia Cirp, 26 (2015) 658-663.
[8] T.J. Tumpa, S.M. Ali, M.H. Rahman, S.K. Paul, P. Chowdhury, S.A.R. Khan, Barriers to green supply chain management: An emerging economy context, Journal of Cleaner Production, 236 (2019) 117617.
[9] H. André, M.L. Söderman, A. Nordelöf, Resource and environmental impacts of using second-hand laptop computers: A case study of commercial reuse, Waste Management, 88 (2019) 268-279.
[10] S.M. Zanjirchi, F. Asadian Ardakani, F. Azizi, S. Moravej, Developing a Framework for Evaluating Green Manufacturing Industries Based On Environmental Performance and Fuzzy Approach (Case Study: Tile, Steel and Textile Industries of Yazd Province), Journal of Environmental Studies, 39(1) (2013) 39-52.
[11] M. Farzadkia, M. Karimaee, R. Nabizadeh, R. Kalantary, M. Gohari, M. Karami, Environmental ranking of industries located at west of Tehran based on the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of industrial wastewaters in 2011, Iran Occupational Health, 9(4) (2013).
[12] M. Atabaki, Lotfi, A., sakhaei, M., Pahlevan, E.,, Evaluation of environmental performance of industrial complexes using multi-criteria decision-making methods based on ISO 14000 standard, in:  3rd International Conference on Environmental Engineering, Center for Strategies for Sustainable Development - Mehr Arvand Institute of Higher Education, Tehran, 2016.
[13] A. Ghorbanpour, Parsa, H., Ravanbod, Y., , Environmental Performance Analysis of Petrochemical Complexes Located in Pars Special Economic Zone with Fuzzy Mixed Approach, in:  2nd International Conference on New Developments in Management, Economics and Accounting, Tehran, 2018.
[14] G. Kaveh Garna, Harsag, PH., , Evaluation and prioritization of Kaleh factories based on the environmental performance of supply chain services with fuzzy ANP and VIKOR network approach, in:  International Conference on Management and Humanities, Capital Institute of Managers(in persian). UAE-Dubai, Vira 2015.
[15] M. Morovvati, Sarbaz, M., Ahmadian, SH., (in persian). Performance Evaluation of Ceramic Tile Factories (Case Study of Nain Tile Factory), , in:  8th National Conference and Specialized Exhibition of Environmental Eng., Morovvati, M., Sarbaz, M., Ahmadian, SH., , Iranian Environmental Engineering Association Tehran, 2016.
[16] R. Shahraki, Ghasemi A &M., , Investigating the environmental performance of cement companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange, in:  Second Conference on Economics, Management and Accounting, Paya Rahjavian Research Institute, Atrak, Shirvan, 2019.
[17] N. Eghbal, Mieghaffari, N., , Evaluation of environmental performance of Iran Khodro Company foundry according to ISO 14031 standard, in:  the third specialized conference on environmental engineering, University of Tehran, Faculty of Environment, Tehran, 2009.
[18] S. Javanmardi, Asghari, M, Pourkhabaz, H., , Evaluation of environmental performance of wastewater treatment plant Case study: Khorramabad city, in:  International Con. on Water and Wastewater, Iran Water and Wastewater Engineering Company, Tehran, 2011.
[19] M. Salehibarmi, A.A. Rezaei, A. Noori Kermani, The Environmental Performance Evaluation of Tehran Municipality Based on the Green City Indicators, Urban Management Studies, 10(33) (2018) 1-15.
[20] R. Dabbagh, K. Alinejad, A. Shirzad, Statistical quality control based on the process capability index and control charts with fuzzy approach (Case study: water and wastewater company of West Azarbaijan province), Amirkabir Journal of Civil Engineering, 51(4) (2019) 699-712.
[21] l. moradi, T. Rajaee, M. Sadeghpoor, Environmental risk assessment of Alborz Dam using Topsis and Fuzzy Topsis methods, Amirkabir Journal of Civil Engineering, 52(12) (2019) 9-9.
[22] E. Fontela, A. Gabus, DEMATEL, innovative methods,  (1974).
[23] T.L. Saaty, L.G. Vargas, The analytic network process, in:  Decision making with the analytic network process, Springer, 2013, pp. 1-40.
[24] C.-H. Hsu, F.-K. Wang, G.-H. Tzeng, The best vendor selection for conducting the recycled material based on a hybrid MCDM model combining DANP with VIKOR, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 66 (2012) 95-111.
[25] E.K. Zavadskas, Z. Turskis, A new additive ratio assessment (ARAS) method in multicriteria decision‐making, Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 16(2) (2010) 159-172.
[26] Y.-K. Fu, An integrated approach to catering supplier selection using AHP-ARAS-MCGP methodology, Journal of Air Transport Management, 75 (2019) 164-169.
[27] Results of the survey of industrial workshops with 10 employees and morefrom Iran Statistics Portal, Statistical Center of Iran, March, 2017.
[28] S. Gorjian, B. Ghobadian, Solar desalination: A sustainable solution to water crisis in Iran, Renewable and Sustainable energy reviews, 48 (2015) 571-584.
[29] G. Thompson, J. Swain, M. Kay, C. Forster, The treatment of pulp and paper mill effluent: a review, Bioresource technology, 77(3) (2001) 275-286.
[30] S. Nazif, M. Gholami Mayani, B. Roghani, Development of Performance Indicators for Evaluation of Wastewater Treatment Plants Operation, Amirkabir Journal of Civil Engineering, 51(1) (2019) 129-142.
[31] D.A. Dornfeld, Moving towards green and sustainable manufacturing, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology, 1(1) (2014) 63-66.