Optimal water utilization policy with sustainable aquifer approach with simulation and decentralized optimization

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University Arak Branch, Arak, Iran

2 Professor of Water Resources Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University. Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

4 Department of Water Resources Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.


Nowadays, providing optimum solutions to water resources exploitation problems has become one of the major concerns of decision-makers. In this study, a multi-objective model was developed for coupled surface and groundwater resources allocation, considering different interactive scenarios between stakeholders and the ecosystem. The general algorithm for water resources allocation was based on an optimization model coupled with the environmental-agricultural model. The optimization approach reduced the irrigation water allocation to 78%. While the 7% reduction was allocated to meet the aquifer and agricultural demands of the study area, the cultivation cost was raised by only ~1.3%.


Main Subjects

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