Investigation of major heavy metal concentration in urban runoff (case study: North and east catchment of Tehran city)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Shahid Beheshti University

2 Department of Environmental Technology, Environmental Sciences Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Urban runoff, as one of the most important emission sources of heavy metal to the environment, has potential environmental and health risks. This study aimed to evaluate the content of ten heavy metals in the runoff of the Sorkheh Hesar catchment, Tehran. For this purpose, Runoff samples were taken from the outlet of Sorkheh Hesar catchment during three flood events in 2018-19 and the total concentration of heavy metals was determined by ICP-MS. Fe, Mn, Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, Ni, As, Mo and Cd had the highest abundance in all samples, respectively. The results of Spearman's rank correlation coefficient showed a strong correlation (0.71-0.98) between most metals, especially Fe, Mn, Zn, Pb, Ni, Cd and Cu, which indicating the same input sources and similar geochemical behavior. Also, the mean values of Contamination Index, Heavy Metal Evaluation Index and Heavy Metal Pollution Index were 24.7, 30.1 and 130.2, respectively, which indicated most of the samples were in contaminated and high contaminated levels due to high concentrations of three elements including Fe, Mn and Pb in compare to the standard permissible values.


Main Subjects

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