Investigation of Some Durability Properties of Concrete Pavements Containing Nanoparticles

Document Type : Research Article


1 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran


Mechanical and durability properties of concrete structures, including concrete pavements, have been a focus of attention. In this regard, the potential of nanomaterials needs to be discussed more. Water permeability, abrasion, and compressive strength are assessed in this study. So far, the incorporation of diverse types of nanomaterials with different methods has caused the enhancement of some mechanical and durability properties of concrete. In the present study, five types of nanoparticles as nanoSiO2, nanoTiO2, nanoAl2O3, nanoFe2O3, and nanoFe3O4 in different amounts were uniformly dispersed and added to the concrete. To reduce the cost and decrease the required nanomaterials, specimens were made in two layers. The surface layer of specimens was made from self-compacting concrete containing nanoparticles with 1 cm depth, which was placed over the bottom layer from conventional concrete with different depths depending on the tests. The test results indicated that the properties of concrete pavements containing nanoparticles are improved comparing to the control specimen. For instance, in specimens containing nanoTiO2 as much as 3% by the weight of cement, the water permeability improved by 84.6%. Furthermore, the abrasion resistance of specimens containing nanoSiO2 at an amount of 1% was enhanced by 88.1%, and the addition of 3% of nanoSiO2 raised compressive strength by 88%.


Main Subjects

[1] S. Parveen, S. Rana, R. Fangueiro, A Review on Nanomaterial Dispersion, Microstructure, and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotube and Nanofiber Reinforced Cementitious Composites, Journal of Nanomaterials, (2013).
[2] A.H. Korayem, N. Tourani, M. Zakertabrizi, A.M. Sabziparvar, W.H. Duan, A review of dispersion of nanoparticles in cementitious matrices: Nanoparticle geometry perspective, Construction and Building Materials, 153 (2017) 346-357.
[3] R.B. Ardalan, N. Jamshidi, H. Arabameri, A. Joshaghani, M. Mehrinejad, P. Sharafi, Enhancing the permeability and abrasion resistance of concrete using colloidal nano-SiO2 oxide and spraying nanosilicon practices, Construction and Building Materials, 146 (2017) 128-135.
[4] M.-h. Zhang, H. Li, Pore structure and chloride permeability of concrete containing nano-particles for pavement, Construction and Building Materials, 25(2) (2011) 608-616.
[5] H. Li, M.-h. Zhang, J.-p. Ou, Abrasion resistance of concrete containing nano-particles for pavement, Wear, 260(11) (2006) 1262-1266.
[6] A. Shekari, M. Seyed Razzaghi, Influence of Nano Particles on Durability and Mechanical Properties of High Performance Concrete, Procedia Engineering, 14 (2011) 3036-3041.
[7] Nazari, S. Riahi, Abrasion resistance of concrete containing SiO2 and Al2O3 nanoparticles in different curing media, Energy and Buildings, 43 (2011) 2939-2946.
[8] Shirgir, A. Hassani, A. Khodadadi, Experimental Study on Permeability and Mechanical Properties of Nanomodified Porous Concrete, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2240 (2011) 30-35.
[9] Khoshakhlagh, A. Nazari, G. Khalaj, Effects of Fe2O3 Nanoparticles on Water Permeability and Strength Assessments of High Strength Self-Compacting Concrete, Journal of Materials Science & Technology, 28(1) (2012) 73-82.
[10] K. Behfarnia, N. Salemi, The effects of nano-silica and nano-alumina on frost resistance of normal concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 48 (2013) 580-584.
[11] N. Salemi, K. Behfarnia, Effect of nano-particles on durability of fiber-reinforced concrete pavement, Construction and Building Materials, 48 (2013) 934-941.
[12] H. Du, S. Du, X. Liu, Durability performances of concrete with nano-silica, Construction and Building Materials, 73 (2014) 705-712.
[13] Saloma, A. Nasution, I. Imran, M. Abdullah, Improvement of Concrete Durability by Nanomaterials, Procedia Engineering, 125 (2015) 608-612.
[14] M. Gonzalez, S.L. Tighe, K. Hui, S. Rahman, A. de Oliveira Lima, Evaluation of freeze/thaw and scaling response of nanoconcrete for Portland Cement Concrete (PCC) pavements, Construction and Building Materials, 120 (2016) 465-472.
[15] P. Zhang, J. Wan, K. Wang, Q. Li, Influence of nano-SiO2 on properties of fresh and hardened high performance concrete: A state-of-the-art review, Construction and Building Materials, 148 (2017) 648-658.
[16] P. Zhang, Y.-N. Zhao, Q.-F. Li, T.-H. Zhang, P. Wang, Mechanical properties of fly ash concrete composite reinforced with nano-SiO2 and steel fibre, Current science, 106 (2014) 1529-1537.
[17] Y. Gao, B. He, Y. Li, J. Tang, L. Qu, Effects of nano-particles on improvement in wear resistance and drying shrinkage of road fly ash concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 151 (2017) 228-235.
[18] Z. He, X. Chen, X. Cai, Influence and mechanism of micro/nano-mineral admixtures on the abrasion resistance of concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 197 (2019) 91-98.
[19] A. Rashad, A synopsis about the effect of nano-Al2O3, nano-Fe2O3, nano-Fe3O4 and nano-clay on some properties of cementitious materials – A short guide for Civil Engineer, Materials & Design, 52 (2013) 143–157.
[20] M. Oltulu, R. Şahin, Single and combined effects of nano-SiO2, nano-Al2O3 and nano-Fe2O3 powders on compressive strength and capillary permeability of cement mortar containing silica fume, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 528(22) (2011) 7012-7019.
[21] M. Oltulu, R. Şahin, Effect of nano-SiO2, nano-Al2O3 and nano-Fe2O3 powders on compressive strengths and capillary water absorption of cement mortar containing fly ash: A comparative study, Energy and Buildings, 58 (2013) 292-301.
[22] A. Givi, S. Abdul Rashid, F. Abdul aziz, A. Salleh, Particle size effect on the permeability properties of nano-SiO2 blended Portland cement concrete, Journal of Composite Materials - J COMPOS MATER, 45 (2011) 1173-1180.
[23] M. Balapour, A. Joshaghani, F. Althoey, Nano-SiO2 contribution to mechanical, durability, fresh and microstructural characteristics of concrete: A review, Construction and Building Materials, 181 (2018) 27-41.
[24] G. Quercia, P. Spiesz, G. Hüsken, H.J.H. Brouwers, SCC modification by use of amorphous nano-silica, Cement and Concrete Composites, 45 (2014) 69-81.
[25] A. C136-06, Standard test method for sieve analysis of fine and coarse aggregates. , in:  ASTM, C136, 2006.
[26] ASTM C1437-15, Standard Test Method for Flow of Hydraulic Cement Mortar, ASTM International, in, 2015.
[27] B.E. 12390-8, Testing hardened concrete – Part 8: Depth of penetration of water under pressure in, 2009.
[28] ASTM C944 / C944M-19, Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Concrete or Mortar Surfaces by the Rotating-Cutter Method, ASTM International, in, 2019.
[29] ASTM C109 / C109M-20, Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, in, 2020.
[30] A. Nazari, S. Riahi, Computer-aided design of the effects of Fe2O3 nanoparticles on split tensile strength and water permeability of high strength concrete, Materials & Design, 32(7) (2011) 3966-3979.
[31] Nazari, S. Riahi, Effects of Al2O3 nanoparticles on properties of self-compacting concrete with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) as binder, Science China-technological Sciences - SCI CHINA-TECHNOL SCI, 54 (2011) 2327-2338.