Influence of crack on the behavior of steel plate shear wall under lateral loading

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Darreh Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Darreh Shahr, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran


Experimental and numerical studies of Steel Plate Shear Wall (SPSW) and its successful performance under past earthquakes have introduced this system as a lateral bearing system. There is a lot of unknown information about SPSW despite reported numerous studies. The effect of crack on the SPSW behavior is one of the unknown aspects of SPSW. Although crack had affected some experimental tests, its effect on the SPSW behavior has not been investigated comprehensively. Even in numerical studies, due to the complicity of the crack in modeling and analyzing especially in nonlinear studies, it has not been evaluated comprehensively. Because of the thin steel plate and inherent welding, the emerging of the crack in SPSW is deniable. Therefore, in this paper, the effect of central and edge cracks on the behavior of SPSW was studied numerically and parametrically. Numerical results indicated that the central crack is more destructive than edge cracks in case of fracture, ultimate strength, and energy absorption. Although small cracks do not have a considerable effect on the behavior of SPSW, the central crack with a long length leads the SPSW to fracture in the elastic zone. Moreover, although long edge crack reduces ultimate strength and energy absorption, it does not lead the SPSW to fracture. Due to the difficulty of crack modeling and crack analysis in SPSW, the necessary relations were proposed to obtain a pushover diagram without needing to modeling. The proposed relation estimates the pushover diagram of the system in good agreement with FE results.


Main Subjects

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