Peng, L. C. “Stress analysis methods for underground pipelines”, Pipe Line Industry, 47(5), pp.65-74, (1978).
 Duncan, J. M., & Mokwa, R. L. “Passive earth pressures: theories and tests”, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 127(3), pp.248-257, (2001).
 Irsyam, M., Gantina, R., Valianti, M., & Himawan, A. “Remedial action for the movement of buried gas pipe and anchor block on a very soft soil due to fill embankment”, J. Indonesian Oil Gas Community, 10(1), pp.13-14, (2007).
 Al-Gahtani, H. J. “Optimum design of buried pipeline block anchors”, Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, 14(4), pp.190-193, (2009).
 Gupta, C., Imran H. “Thrust Block for Pipelines - Case Study of Water Supply Scheme for a Town Berinag”, International Journal of Research in Advent Technology, 6(7), pp.1587-1592, (2018).
 Zhang, L., Yan, X., & Yang, X. “Using the unit force method to analyze thrust acting on anchor blocks caused by thermal expansion displacement of X80 tunnel pipelines”, Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice, 7(1), p.04015012, (2015).
 Yan, Y., Zhang, L., & Yan, X. “Push Force Analysis of Anchor Block of the Oil and Gas Pipeline in a Single-Slope Tunnel Based on the Energy Balance Method”, PloS one, 11(3), p0150964, (2016).
 Rahman, M. K., Abu Ghdaib, A. K., Ahmed, A., Shaahid, S. M., & Rehman, S. “Field monitoring of an in-service thrust anchor block and pipeline”, 1st Middle East Conf. on Smart Monitoring, Assessment and Rehabilitation of Civil Structures, International Society for Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure (ISHMII), pp. 1-10, (2011).
 Rankine, W. “On the stability of loose earth”, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 147, (1857).
 National Iranian Gas Company, “Iranian Gas Standard IGS-C-PL-100(1)”, (2011), (in Persian)
 ALA (American Lifelines Alliance). “Guidelines for the design of buried steel pipe”, Reston, VA. (2001).
 Iranian Ministry of Petroleum “Iranian Seismic Design Code for Petroleum Facilities and Structures” Code no. 038, 3rd Edition (2016).
 Wijewickreme, D., Karimian, H., & Honegger, D. “Response of buried steel pipelines subjected to relative axial soil movement”, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 46(7), pp.735-752, (2009).
 Das, B. M. “Principles of foundation engineering”, Cengage learning, (2015).
 Fang, H. Y. “Foundation engineering handbook”, Springer Science & Business Media, (2013).
 Vasseghi A. “Final research report on optimum design of anchor blocks”, Iranian Gas Engineering and Development Company, (2013), (in Persian)