Comparison of the effect of using mineral nanomaterials on the performance of HMA and glasphalt agaiants the moisture damage

Document Type : Research Article


1 Faculty of Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran


Pavement response to a variety of damages is affected by the bond between bitumen and aggregate (adhesion) which is strongly affected by moisture and moisture entering from the surface or substrates of asphalt pavement causing the aggregate to stripped. The result of moisture damage is commonly called stripping because the bitumen is separated from the aggregates and the aggregates remain uncoated. Various factors affect the moisture sensitivity of asphalt mixtures, which are generally divided into two categories: The first one is of internal origin and is directly related to the properties of the asphalt mixing constituents. In contrast, the second category is of external origin and is dependent on conditions outside the asphalt mixing system. Today, glasphalt technology is considered as an efficient way to reduce asphalt production costs, reduce fuel consumption, and reduce environmental pollution caused by the production of this type of waste. Despite the advantages of glasphalt, moisture damage is a weak point for these types of mixtures. The present study evaluated the moisture sensitivities of glasphalt and HMA and compared the performance of these two types of mixtures, along with the effects of two types of additives, nano hydrated lime and nano calcium carbonate on moisture damage. The moisture sensitivity of both types of mixtures was evaluated using a modified Lotttman test and a thermodynamic test of Wilhelm plate based on surface free energy methods. The results of the indirect tensile strngth test showed that the resistance of glasphalt in dry conditions was higher than that of HMA. However, glasphalt are exposed to wet conditions with a higher resistance to HMA. The results obtained from the thermodynamic test also showed that the modification of both types of asphalt binder (AC 60-70 and AC 85-100) using nano hydrated lime and nano calcium carbonate increases the total surface free energy and adhesion of the bonding of both types of base asphat binders. This increase improves the strength of mixtures made with this type of asphat binders against moisture damage of cohesion type, which is a positive effect in reducing the moisture damage.


Main Subjects

[1] S. Wu, W. Yang, Y. Xue, Preparation and properties of glass–asphalt concrete, Wuham, China: Key Laboratory for Silicate Materials Science and Engineering of Ministry of Education, Wuham University of Technology,  (2004).
[2] G. Arnold, S. Werkmeister, D. Alabaster, The Effect of Adding Recycled Glass on the Performance of Basecourse Aggregate, 2008.
[3] J. Wartman, D.G. Grubb, A. Nasim, Select engineering characteristics of crushed glass, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 16(6) (2004) 526-539.
[4] P.S. Kandhal, Waste materials in hot mix asphalt—An overview, in:  Use of waste materials in hot-mix asphalt, ASTM International, 1993.
[5] G. Maupin Jr, Effect of glass concentration on stripping of glasphalt, 1998.
[6] F. Xiao , e. al, Improved Resistance of Long Term Aged Warm Mix Asphalt to Moisture Damage, 6th Transport Research, Arena, 2012.
[7] E.A. Mercado, Influence of fundamental material properties and air void structure on moisture damage of asphalt mixes, PhD Dissertation A&M University, Texas, USA, 2007.
[8] D.G. Tunnicliff, R.E. Root, Use of antistripping additives in asphaltic concrete mixtures: Field evaluation, Transportation Research Board, 1995.
[9] M. Partl, R. Gubler, M. Hugener, Nano-science and-technology for Asphalt Pavements, SPECIAL PUBLICATION-ROYAL SOCIETY OF CHEMISTRY, 292(2004) 343-356.
[10] M. Maher, L. Uzarowski, G. Moore, V. Aurilio, Sustainable Pavements-Making the Case for Longer Design Lives for Flexible Pavements, in:  PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIFTY-FIRST ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE CANADIAN TECHNICAL ASPHALT ASSOCIATION (CTAA): CHARLOTTETOWN, PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND, NOVEMBER 2006, 2006.
[11] N. Su, J. Chen, Engineering properties of asphalt concrete made with recycled glass, Resources, conservation and recycling, 35(4) (2002) 259-274.
[12] É. Lachance-Tremblay, M. Vaillancourt, D. Perraton, Evaluation of the impact of recycled glass on asphalt mixture performances, Road Materials and Pavement Design, 17(3) (2016) 600-618.
[13] M. Arabani, Effect of glass cullet on the improvement of the dynamic behaviour of asphalt concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 25(3) (2011) 1181-1185.
[14] R. Chenari, M. Sadeghnejad, Numerical Evaluation of the Effect of Waste Glass Cullet on Asphalt Mixtures’ Behavior, Transportation Infrastructure Engineering, (2016), 1 (2), pp. 21-31.
[15] P.A. Meybodi, H.K. Sanij, S. Hosseini, M. Olazar, Effect of Crushed Glass on Skid Resistance, Moisture Sensitivity and Resilient Modulus of Hot Mix Asphalt, Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 44(5) (2019) 4575.5854
[16] Z.T.A. Salem, T.S. Khedawi, M.B. Baker, R. Abendeh, Effect of Waste Glass on Properties of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures, Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, 11(1) (2017).
[17] R. Beyrami, Gh. H. Hamedi, B. Golchin, Investigation of the effect of waste glass and metal oxide nanoparticles on the stripping resistance of asphalt mixtures, Transportation Research, (2019), 15 (4), pp. 97-112.
[18] A.W. Hefer, Adhesion in bitumen-aggregate systems and quantification of the effect of water on the adhesive bond, Texas A&M University, 2005.
[19] G. Shafabakhsh, M. Faramarzi, M. Sadeghnejad, Use of surface free energy method to evaluate the moisture susceptibility of sulfur extended asphalts modified with antistripping agents, Construction and Building Materials, 98 (2015) 456-464.
[20] C.J. Van Oss, M.K. Chaudhury, R.J. Good, Interfacial Lifshitz-van der Waals and polar interactions in macroscopic systems, Chemical Reviews, 88(6) (1988) 927-941.
[21] F.M. Fowkes, Determination of interfacial tensions, contact angles, and dispersion forces in surfaces by assuming additivity of intermolecular interactions in surfaces, The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 66(2) (1962) 382-382.
[22] D.N. Little, A. Bhasin, A. Hefer, Using surface energy measurements to select materials for asphalt pavement, Transportation Research Board, 2006.
[23] R.L. Lytton, E.A. Masad, C. Zollinger, R. Bulut, D.N. Little, Measurements of surface energy and its relationship to moisture damage, 2005.