Seismic Control of a 10-Storey Shear Frame Using Active Tuned Mass Dampers and Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran


Due to structural safety and residential comfort, the vibration control of buildings under earthquake and wind excitations has always been one of the important issues in the structural engineering context. One of the well-established approaches for controlling the structural vibration is the use of Tuned Mass Dampers (TMDs) employed with different methods in structures. In this paper, a 10-storey shear building with linear behavior is studied under 28 Far-Fault (FF) and Near-Fault (NF) earthquakes in MATLAB. Active Tuned Mass Damper (ATMD) is used to control the structural vibration. According to the random nature of earthquake excitation, Fuzzy Logic controller (FLC) and Mamdani Inference System are applied to determine the control force. In addition, the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm is used to determine the optimum TMD actuator power, and in this study, the effect of the actuator saturation is also considered. Furthermore, a method is introduced for robust optimum design of the suggested controller. Using the proposed control system and the optimum actuator power, structural responses decline about 44 pct. Additionally, due to the existence of uncertainty in earthquake records, applying a controller with average actuator power generally results in 33 pct. structural response reduction, and the performance of the active controlled system always outperforms the passive controlled system with utmost 16 pct. structural response reduction.


Main Subjects

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