A New Failure Criteria for Hollow-bar Micropile Based on Full-Scale Static Load Tests

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of civil engineering, University of Qom, Qom, Iran

2 Department of civil engineering, university of Qom


Recently, the use of hollow-bar micropiles has increased rapidly. These micropiles reduce the time and cost and not only were used as a reinforcement element but also used to improve the surrounding soils. Despite the increasing use, few studies have been conducted on the performance of this type of micropiles, in particular the determination of load capacity, failure criteria, and interpretation of loading tests. In this study, 22 hollow bar micropiles with simultaneous injection methods in different lengths and soils were executed and full-scale tension and compression loading tests were performed on them. Then, by using the six common failure criteria for pile foundation, the performance and ultimate load of these tests were evaluated. Using mathematical relations, assumptions about load-displacement curves and using numerical modeling of the observed load-displacement behavior, field test results have been developed to reach the geotechnical failure. The results show that since the diameter and bond strength of hollow bar micropiles is more than theoretical ones, the existing failure criteria are not suitable for interpretation of their load-deformation behavior. The existing failure criteria do not take into account the increase in the bond strength and the reduction of the elastic length. Based on the information obtained from the existing failure criteria and considering the effect of elastic shortening on the loading test results, a failure criterion has been proposed to determine the failure load of hollow bar micropile based on the Davison method.


Main Subjects

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