Recovering the Temporal Release Rate of Pollutant Sources in the River in Two dimensional and real condition

Document Type : Research Article


water structures engineering department, agriculture faculty, Tarbiat Modares university, Tehran, Iran


Over the past three decades, many approaches and methods have been investigated based on the inverse problem solving to recover the temporal release rate of pollutant sources, especially in groundwater. But, number of studies is limited about the rivers; therefore, developing a method which can determine temporal release rate of pollutant sources in the river precisely and at the same time be able to consider the conditions of the flow and bed is promising. In the present study, the inverse solution of the advection-dispersion equation for recovering the temporal release rate of pollutant sources leads to the solution of a linear overdetermined system of equations type of ill-posed problem. Therefore, in this research a numerical model based on the inverse matrix approach based on the Tikhonov regularization method and the results of the superposition principle has been applied to the recovery of the temporal release rate of pollutant sources and the exact time of release of the pollutant from the source. The model has been designed to retrieve the complexity time of multiple pollutant sources in a complex state. Also, the model has been verified using real two-dimensional data of Ohio River located in the United States. Finally, a general and practical framework has been introduced to apply in real condition. Eventually, the computational results were showed that, the inverse model can recover the temporal release rate of pollutant sources using the lowest field and downstream data containing high error rate at each point of the river.


Main Subjects

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