Effect of Filler Type on Moisture Susceptibility of Asphalt Mixtures by Successive Freeze-Thaw Cycles and Comparing Results with Components of Surface Free Energy

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering and Environmental, Amirkabir University of Technology

2 School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Road and Transportation Engineering, AmirKabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


Based on the important effects of filler on performance-related properties of asphalt mixtures, this study investigates the influence of filler type on moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixtures under multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Furthermore, the effect of changing the type of mineral fillers, especially replacing fillers with recycled concrete materials on moisture resistance of asphalt mixture, with sustainable development approach, is evaluated. In this study, first, the indirect tensile strength and the resilient modulus tests are conducted following 1, 3, 6, and 10 cycles of freeze-thaw and then the fracture energy is calculated through the results of indirect tensile test. Next, the surface free energy components of mastics with different types of filler are calculated using the static contact angle measurement method. The results of performance-based moisture susceptibility tests showed that replacing natural filler with Portland cement can result in the best performance compared to control mixture, limestone filler, and RCA filler. However, the evolution of mechanical properties of control filler, limestone filler, and RCA filler depends on the number of freeze/thaw cycles. At higher conditioning cycles, TSR values demonstrate a different behavior such that the TSR values of the asphalt mixture containing RCA filler increase up to 15% on average compared to the asphalt mixture containing limestone filler after the first cycle. Although the results of mechanical properties in initial freeze-thaw cycles are similar to surface free energy results. However, these results cannot predict the behavior of asphalt mixtures at higher freeze-thaw cycles.


Main Subjects

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