ارزیابی اثر بکارگیری استاندارد گستره دانش مدیریت پروژه در بهبود موفقیت مالی پروژه‌های EPC

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشجو کارشناسی ارشد / آزاد خوراسگان

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر، EPC یکی از روش‌های محبوب اجرای پروژه‌های زیرساختی ایران بوده است. با این حال اتمام این پروژه‌ها همواره با افزایش هزینه همراه بوده است. از طرفی موفقیت پروژه به میزان بسیار زیادی به پیاده‌سازی مناسب مدیریت پروژه بستگی دارد. بنابراین بررسی اثر بکارگیری استانداردهای مدیریت پروژه بر موفقیت مالی پروژه‌های EPC می‌تواند به شناخت حوزه‌های اثرگذار بر موفقیت مالی این پروژه‌ها کمک کند. لذا هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر ارزیابی اثر بکارگیری استاندارد گستره دانش مدیریت پروژه (PMBOK) در بهبود موفقیت مالی پروژه‌‌های EPC می‌باشد. جهت دست‌یابی به هدف مذکور، ابتدا پرسشنامه‌ای بر اساس مؤلفه‌های مستخرج از مطالعات پیشین تهیه و میان متخصصان ‌پروژه‌های EPC توزیع شد. در این مرحله عوامل اثرگذار بر موفقیت مالی پروژه‌های EPC شناسایی گردید و دسته‌بندی آنها براساس حوزه‌های 10گانه استاندارد PMBOK ویرایش ششم انجام شد. سپس نظر متخصصین در خصوص میزان اهمیت هر یک از عوامل شناسایی شده بر بهبود موفقیت مالی پروژه‌های EPC براساس طیف پنج گزینه‌ای لیکرت اخذ و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS، ارزیابی گردید. برای بررسی فرضیات پژوهش، از آزمون پارامتریک T تک نمونه‌ای استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که بکارگیری استاندارد گستره دانش مدیریت پروژه در بهبود موفقیت مالی پروژه‌‌های EPC تأثیر معنی‌داری دارد. همچنین عوامل با استفاده از آزمون فریدمن، اولویت‌‌بندی شدند. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که مدیریت هزینه و مدیریت کیفیت به ترتیب با میانگین رتبه 20/8 و 12/8 بیشترین تأثیر، و مدیریت ارتباطات و مدیریت محدوده به ترتیب با 35/2 و 95/1 کمترین تأثیر را در بهبود موفقیت مالی پروژه‌های EPC دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Effect of Using Project Management Body of Knowledge in Improving Financial Success of EPC Projects

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Sarvari 1
  • Ebrahim Rajaian 2
1 Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran
2 NO 45, Golbarg Alley, Resalat Street 3, East Negarestan, Ghadir Blvd.
چکیده [English]

In recent years, EPC has been one of the popular ways of implementing Iran's infrastructure projects. However, the completion of these projects has always been accompanied by increased costs. On the other hand, project success depends to a large extent on the proper implementation of project management. Therefore, examining the impact of applying project management standards on the financial success of EPC projects can help to identify the areas that affect the financial success of these projects. Therefore, the main purpose of the present study is to evaluate the impact of applying PMBOK to improve the financial success of EPC projects. To achieve this goal, a questionnaire based on components derived from previous studies was prepared and distributed among EPC project specialists. At this stage, the factors affecting the financial success of the EPC projects were identified and classified according to the 10 PMBOK standard 10 areas. Experts' opinions on the importance of each of the identified factors to improve the financial success of EPC projects were evaluated based on Likert's five-choice spectrum using SPSS software. One sample T-test was used to test the research hypotheses. The results show that applying the standard project management knowledge domain has a significant impact on improving the financial success of EPC projects. Factors were also prioritized by the Friedman test. The results show that cost management and quality management with an average rating of 8.20 and 8.12 had the highest impact, respectively, and communication management and range management with 2.35 and 1.95 had the least impact on improving the financial success of EPC projects.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Evaluation
  • Project management
  • Financial Success
  • EPC
  • PMBOK
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